2022 was yet another relentlessly arduous year for many people across the world.
The invasion of Ukraine sparked a crisis in Europe, contributed to record levels of global displacement, and initiated an increase in food and energy costs that challenged people and economies still reeling from the COVID-19 pandemic.
The situation in Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Syria and Yemen remained desperate for many, while worsening violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Haiti, a coup d’état in Burkina Faso and protests in Sudan deepened already stark humanitarian needs. Famine, caused by a once-in-a-generation drought, again loomed large in the Horn of Africa. And following an unprecedented heatwave, Pakistan experienced a cataclysmic monsoon that submerged one third of the country. Communities in the Sahel continued to toil between the violence caused by non-State armed groups and climate-related threats to livelihoods, and Nigeria experienced record flooding in June that killed hundreds of people and displaced millions across the country.
According to the Global Humanitarian Overview – a UN-coordinated annual assessment of global need – 324 million people needed humanitarian assistance by December 2022, up from 274 million in January. Boosted by the generosity of donors, who provided a record US$30 billion to our humanitarian appeals, OCHA reached 157 million people across 69 countries in 2022. This was 79 per cent of the people identified to receive aid.
Throughout this challenging year, I was buoyed by the indefatigable response of the humanitarian community and its supporters. I was particularly inspired by the resilience, expertise and resourcefulness of OCHA’s national staff, local non-governmental organizations and local communities. Despite losing family, friends and homes to conflict, drought and other emergencies, national staff selflessly and tirelessly braved active hostilities and harsh conditions to reach those most in need. They not only showed up to work but even volunteered to support people in other crises. It was a significant reminder that effective emergency responses rely on the empowerment of local people and organizations.
Here are just 10 highlights of the year:
Finally, I want to express my deep gratitude to our donors yet again. The life-saving work detailed in this report would not have been possible without your generosity. We thank you for your continued commitment to humanitarian action, and to OCHA.
United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator
Through contributions to OCHA and/or pooled funds (the Central Emergency Response Fund and the Country-Based Pooled Funds)